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Magdalena G. Krzystolik, M.D. - Paul B. Greenberg, M.D.

Expert retinal care for Rhode Island and Southern Massachusetts

Retinal diseases and treatments offered by Southern New England Retina Associates

Anatomy of the eyRetinal diseases affect the retina — a layer of nerve tissue lining the back of the eye that senses light and sends images to the brain. The central part of the retina is the macula. The macula is responsible for central vision; the remaining retina outside the macula provides “side” or peripheral vision.

The back of the eye is filled with vitreous humor or simply “vitreous”, a gelatinous material that gives an eye its shape. With aging, the vitreous gel may liquefy, collapse, and pull away from the retina in the process called posterior vitreous detachment (PVD). Some patients are susceptible to develop retinal problems at the time of PVD, such as a retinal tear.

There are many other retinal diseases; some involve only the macula, for example, age-related macular degeneration, macular hole, or a macular pucker (epiretinal membrane); others can impact the entire retina, for example, retinal detachment or diabetic retinopathy.

There are a wide variety of treatments for retinal disease. They range from the administration of eye drops to surgical procedures such as intraocular injections, laser therapy, and vitreoretinal surgery. In all cases, the main goal is to preserve the integrity of the retina, especially the macula, which is necessary for us to see.

Artist at his easelWe strive to preserve your vision so you can continue to enjoy the activities you love to do.

Please refer to the list for details about each retinal disease.